The Facts About Income Tax Millions faithfully file their 1040 forms each April. But some things about federal income taxes may surprise you. Share | Related Content Comparing Investments This calculator compares the net gain of a taxable investment versus a tax-favored one. You May Need to Make Estimated Tax Payments If… Have income that isn’t subject to tax withholding? Or insufficient withholdings? You may have to pay estimated taxes. Tax Freedom Day Assess how many days you'll work to pay your federal tax liability.